Adger Smith Wells, Inc.
"Water is free with an Adger Smith Well."
Because of the relatively high cost of obtaining, treating, and delivering good potable water to homes in our area, most homeowners find it too expensive to water their yards with city water. However, we are blessed with an abundant supply of ground water which general speaking is usable for lawn and garden irrigation at relatively low cost. Following are typical questions and answers regarding wells and well water.
Q. What is an artesian well?
A. An artesian well means, literally, a deep well that flows up to a level above ground. Not all deep wells free flow.
Q. Why do artesian wells flow?
A. They flow because the source is located on higher ground, in our case the "ridge section" of the state, and runs downhill to the ocean. Because we are on a lower elevation some of our wells flow. The lower the elevation, usually the better the flow.
Q. What is a shallow well?
A. Technically, any well less than 100' deep is a shallow well.
Q. What is a deep well?
A. A deep well is any well over 100' deep. Here in Brevard County they average a depth of from approximately 150 feet in the central Brevard area to as much as 400 feet in the southern area of Brevard County. Deep wells in Indian River County may be as much as 600-900 feet in total depth.
Q. How long do deep wells last?
A. It isn't unusual for a deep well to still be producing 15, 20, 30 or more years. Actually, the more the well is used the longer it will last.
Q. Can a deep well be repaired if the top rusts or breaks off?
A. Of course! We repair wells daily. You will find that in this salt air environment of ours that the well will rust (usually about the grass roots is worst area) after a period of years. They can be cut off and a new piece of pipe with new valves can be installed in almost all cases.
Q. I have heard that wells have to be "abandoned". When is this so?
A. By state law: "wells that cannot be repaired to stop the flow of water with a valve, or has no present or future beneficial use must be abandoned.” This is done by pumping cement, under pressure, down the well filling to the top. This must be done by a licensed well drilling contractor, such as Adger Smith Wells.
Q. Can I use deep well water on all my plants?
A. Deep well water is highly mineralized, which has advantages as well as disadvantages. Among the minerals generally found are sulphur, salt, lime, iron, magnesium and many others to a lesser degree. Salt is the hardest for some plants to tolerate, especially on their leaves. The gardenia and jasmine families will drop their leaves if sprinkled, as will any member of the bean family in your vegetable garden. Citrus trees do not like their leaves sprinkled either. However, this same water can be used around the roots with no problem. Most grasses thrive on it. Bahia is the least salt tolerant of the grasses.
Q. Can deep well water be used in swimming pools?
A. Definitely yes! It's year round temperature of 75-78 degrees makes it ideal. Plus, you don't have to pay for it.
Q. What about staining?
A. The orange stain you see on many driveways & homes is quite common in shallow wells. In shallow wells, it is the water itself that has the color and it can be quite expensive to try to eliminate it for irrigation systems. In a deep well, it is a reaction between the minerals in the water & the pipe. It only happens in about 6-8% of the deep wells in any area. In 2" deep wells, you can have a 1 1/2" poly liner installed that will stop the discoloration. For some reason, it is unusual to find this problem in the larger wells.